SIDS need $2 trillion annually to address climate change – all stakeholders must contribute

Professor Sir Hilary Beckles

(The University of the West Indies Press Release) Across the region, the diaspora and internationally the public joined an important conversation on finance mobilisation for climate change. The University of the West Indies’ virtual Vice-Chancellor’s Forum on The Bridgetown Initiative held on Thursday, March 30, 2023 placed expert stakeholder voices and Caribbean citizens at the same table.

Referencing the 2022 report of an Independent High-Level Expert Group on Climate Finance, co-chaired by Dr Vera Songwe and Professor Lord Nicholas Stern, panellist, Professor Avinash Persaud, Special Envoy to the Prime Minister (Barbados) for Investment and Financial Services revealed that annually $2 trillion is required for developing countries to respond to the effects of climate change.

“That number is bigger than any developing country’s balance sheet. It’s beyond all the philanthropists. It’s a big number. Bridgetown is a system of finance that gets us to $2 trillion a year” he said.

Host of the forum, UWI Vice-Chancellor Professor Sir Hilary Beckles, convened an impressive team to discuss the matter. In addition to Professor Persaud, on the panel were Ambassador Malgorzata Wasilewska, Head, The European Union Delegation to Barbados, the OECS and CARICOM/CARIFORUM; The Honourable Kerrie Symmonds, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, Barbados – representing Prime Minister of Barbados, The Honourable Mia Mottley – and Mr. Kevin Bender, Director Greening Sovereign Debt, The Nature Conservancy. With $2 trillion needed annually by SIDS, the collective call is for a global coalition to fund climate mitigation and adaptation.

Giving a historical context for the conversation, Vice-Chancellor Beckles reflected on the 1944 United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire which convened to create a global foreign exchange system. The resulting Bretton Woods Agreement and system birthed the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.

Professor Beckles said “At that time, as Prime Minister Mottley has argued so eloquently, most of the nations in the world were not at the table. Are the Bretton Woods institutions coming to the rescue of these nations, who through no fault of their own have found themselves at the bottom end of the global recovery process? There is undoubtedly a moral crisis.”

He promised the support of The UWI and said further “The university is honoured to stay supportive of the strategy of economic justice for the people of this region and all of those who have suffered the exploitative journey of colonialism. This initiative, this vision, emergent from the economic and political imagination of Prime Minister Mottley is consistent with the finest economic thinking that has emerged out of this region. It is consistent with the vision that has been embedded and enrooted in the economics of The UWI.”

Speaking on multilateral cooperation in financing climate adaptation, EU representative, Ambassador Malgorzata Wasilewska acknowledged the EU’s bridge building role as new funding arrangements were established at COP 27 (Convention on Climate Change) she however, also called for funding beyond public purses. “I have to stress that the EU and its member states are the largest providers of climate finance in the world. We will be no less ambitious as we move towards 2027. However, public finance will never be enough to respond to the scale of the climate and environment challenge. All actors will need to be on board and align financial flows with the Paris Agreement goals. This includes the private sector and multilateral development banks” she said.

Commenting on behalf of Prime Minister Mottley, Barbados’ Foreign Minister, The Honourable Kerrie Symmonds noted full agreement. He called to the conversation stakeholders of the private sector where egregious profits are made; “the simple moral message really is that if there is no planet then there can be no profits; so, it is well within the interest of some of these companies to also be involved in the conversation.”

The Nature Conservancy is the world’s largest conservation NGO serving 70 different countries. Representative Mr. Kevin Bender confirmed that as they have worked with SIDS funding conservation, biodiversity and climate projects, they have found what that Bridgetown Initiative laments.

“We have found, similar to the Bridgetown Initiative that there’s not enough donor money, just like there’s not enough public sector funding to cover all the needs of climate adaption and climate mitigation – so our group is tasked with finding new solutions for coming up with the cash flow for climate protection. The mitigation world is much more conducive to commercial financing. Getting as much commercial financing into that public sector space as possible; I think that is the real opportunity of the Bridgetown Initiative.”

Dubbed the most significant global policy initiative to originate from the Caribbean by forum Moderator, Professor C. Justin Robinson, Professor of Finance and Pro Vice-Chancellor Board for Undergraduate Studies, The UWI, The Bridgetown Initiative proposes significant reform of the global finance architecture in favour of climate-vulnerable countries. The initiative, devised by a group led by Barbadian Prime Minister, The Honourable Mia Mottley and her climate finance Envoy Professor Avinash Persaud, offers real and bold solutions to overcoming some of the key challenges faced by small island developing states (SIDS) in mobilising finance support from rich countries to respond to climate change.

At the forum, Professor Robinson reiterated the urgent need for the success of the Bridgetown Initiative “…it is a critical piece of the pie if we are to attract the significant amount of funding we need for mitigation and adaptation across climate vulnerable nations” he said.

Professor Persaud was positive, commenting on the likelihood of success he explained, “We’ve thought very carefully about the design of the Bridgetown Initiative. Other efforts have been unsuccessful because they have relied heavily on one set of countries writing very large cheques for others. The Bridgetown Initiative recognises that is not going to happen in the short term.” According to Persaud, Bridgetown calls for $1.7 trillion not to be funded by any government but by the private sector with the multilateral development banks playing a catalytic role.

The recording of the virtual Vice-Chancellor’s forum on The Bridgetown Initiative is available for viewing at

About The University of the West Indies

The UWI has been and continues to be a pivotal force in every aspect of Caribbean development; residing at the centre of all efforts to improve the well-being of people across the region.

From a university college of London in Jamaica with 33 medical students in 1948, The UWI is today an internationally respected, global university with near 50,000 students and five campuses: Mona in Jamaica, St. Augustine in Trinidad and Tobago, Cave Hill in Barbados, Five Islands in Antigua and Barbuda and its Open Campus, and 10 global centres in partnership with universities in North America, Latin America, Asia, Africa and Europe.

The UWI offers over 800 certificate, diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate degree options in Culture, Creative and Performing Arts, Food and Agriculture, Engineering, Humanities and Education, Law, Medical Sciences, Science and Technology, Social Sciences, and Sport. As the Caribbean’s leading university, it possesses the largest pool of Caribbean intellect and expertise committed to confronting the critical issues of our region and wider world.

The UWI has been consistently ranked among the top universities globally by the most reputable ranking agency, Times Higher Education (THE). In the latest World University Rankings 2022, released in September 2021, The UWI moved up an impressive 94 places from last year. In the current global field of some 30,000 universities and elite research institutes, The UWI stands among the top 1.5%.

The UWI is the only Caribbean-based university to make the prestigious lists since its debut in the rankings in 2018. In addition to its leading position in the Caribbean, it is also in the top 20 for Latin America and the Caribbean and the top 100 global Golden Age universities (between 50 and 80 years old). The UWI is also featured among the leading universities on THE’s Impact Rankings for its response to the world’s biggest concerns, outlined in the 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including Good Health and Wellbeing; Gender Equality and Climate Action. For more, visit

(Please note that the proper name of the university is The University of the West Indies, inclusive of the “The”, hence The UWI.)

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